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De Solido intra Solidum Naturaliter contento - STENO, Nicolaus - 1669. 
Engraved arms of the Grand Duke of Tuscany on title, a large folding engraved plate, & a folding sheet with descriptive letterpress (joined together in this copy). Title printed in red & black. 1 p.l., 78 pp., 1 leaf of errata. 4to, orig. semi-stiff boards (stamp bleached out on blank portion of title), entirely uncut. Florence: ex Typographia sub signo Stellae, 1669. First edition, and a fine presentation copy bound in the original limp boards, of a fundamental work for the modern sciences of geology, crystallography, and paleontology. In this book, Steno "described the composition of the earth's crust in Tuscany and a famous diagram in his book shows six successive types of stratification: the first attempt ever made to represent geological sections. This was a sequence which he believed would be found all over the world. He explained the true origin of fossils found in the earth as being remains of once living things and he discriminated between the volcanic, chemical and mechanical modes of the origin of the rocks. He was the first clearly to recognize that the strata of the earth's crust contain the records of a chronological sequence of events from which the history of the earth can be reconstructed. He attempted to find the principles of stratigraphyâ€¦He deduced that these changes in the original position of the strata are the real causes of the unevenness of the earth's surface. This was in direct contradiction to the accepted belief that mountains had existed ever since the beginning of things or had simply grown."-Printing & the Mind of Man 151. "This work also contains the first formulated crystallography and, of the constancy of interfacial angles of crystals of quartz, a study basic to mineralogy."-Dibner, Heralds of Science, 90. A very nice copy in original state and preserved in a morocco box. Inscribed on the title-page at foot: "Auctoris philotatou [:in Greek] donum" ("Gift of the most beloved author"). From the library of Jean Blondelet. ? D.S.B., XIII, p. 34-"Almost every sentence or paragraph contains new insights." Horblit 96. Sparrow, Milestones of Science, 185.
[Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
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