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Manuscript Letter Signed "Caterine" as Empress - CATHERINE THE GREAT - 1792. [1270963]
1792 - CATHERINE THE GREAT. Manuscript Letter Signed "Caterine" as Empress in Russian. Tsarskoe Selo (the Empress's palace in St. Petersburg): June 2, 1792. Four pages of watermarked laid paper on two conjoined sheets, each measuring 7 by 8-3/4 inches, penned in a secretarial hand on rectos and versos. Fully translated. $7000.Historically important manuscript letter signed "Caterine" as Empress in Russian, to General Mikhailo Vasilyevich, in which she congratulates the General for his victory over the Polish army "" "the troops led by you spread over the Bratslav and the Kiev provinces and gained those territories, and that the courageous Cossacks defeated the enemy's detachments." Within three years, an independent Poland ceased to exist.The letter, translated, reads in full, "Your report of May 20th reached our hands punctually. We are pleased to see that the troops led by you spread over the Bratslav and the Kiev provinces and gained those territories, and that the courageous Cossacks defeated the enemy's detachments in the battle of Murakhov (?), destroying the fortifications and obstacles put in their way by the enemy. In fear of being isolated the enemy hastily retreated from the provinces mentioned above. Due to your prudent decisions and the courage of our troops this initial campaign was a success, therefore we express our Imperial gratitude to everyone who participated in this campaign. We hope that such a positive beginning followed by great success will give us a chance to aware in full the excellence and zeal to our service. From the same report we see the enemy's main force retreating to the depth of their land are trying to strengthen by joining the troops coming from Warsaw and Polish Lithuania, and are showing their intention to join and with all of their units offer resistance to you. We are certain that if it is impossible for you to prevent such formation you, of course, will do your utmost with God's help to destroy this assemblage, and in performing such a heroic exploit you will find your paths from then on clear. It will be easy to fulfill this campaign if the Confederation supporting us will engage rapidly in different regions of Polish Ukraine distracting the enemy, and by doing so it will facilitate your movements to prevent this formation. We consider your report about the disorders and theft among some of our troops entrusted to you a sign of your excellent diligence to our service. We approve of the measures taken by you to stop these disorders. We hope that after the just punishment of the perpetrators these deeds of mischief will end, especially when you watch with a stern eye the leaders so that they will zealously supervise their subordinates and restrain them from committing such crime. You always remain in our good graces."On May 14, 1792, Polish and Lithuanian magnates, the wealthy nobility class, created the Confederation of Targowica, which asked the Russian Empress Czarina Catherine II for help in overthrowing the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791. On May 18, 1792 a Russian army of 100,000 crossed the Polish border and headed for Warsaw, beginning the War in Defence of the Constitution. The Polish Army was too weak to oppose the enemy advancing in the Ukraine and withdrew to the Bug River where, under General Thaddeus Kosciuszko fought the Russian army to a draw. Eventually, the King of Poland joined the Confederation precipitating the Second Partition of Poland in 1793. Russia gained over 95,000 square miles formerly part of Poland, including Bratslav, Kiev, Minsk, and Brest Litovsk. The Uprising of 1794, led by Kosciuszko, failed, resulting in the Third Partition in 1795. Poland lost all its remaining territories and ceased to exist as an independent nation. In the 1792 war, the recipient of this letter, General Vasilyevich, was in charge of the acquisition of Moldavia and the Polish provinces. Faint fold lines. Fine condition. [Attributes: Signed Copy]
      [Bookseller: Bauman Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2016-11-24           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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