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Projecto para discussão. Constituição - PORTUGAL. Constitution] - 1821. 
Lisbon, Na Imprensa Nacional, 1821. - 8°, early plain gray wrappers (spain almost completely gone). Woodcut Portuguese royal arms on title page. Some minor soiling and small hole to blank portion of title page. Uncut. Very good to fine condition. 74 pp., (2 ll.). *** Draft document for the first Portuguese Constitution, the hallmark of which was the triumph of liberalism. This draft appears to exist in at least three editions, one of which is an 8º volume, also published by the Imprensa Nacional, without date [1821?] of 118 pp., (1 l.). All editions of the Projecto are rare; considerably more so than the first edition of the 1822 constitution, revised from this Projecto. "The Constitution of 1822 was a long document with 240 articles. It mainly followed the Spanish constitution of 1812 . to assert the sovereignty of the nation and admit the independence of the three powers-the legistative, the executive, and the judicial . This constitution . was too progressive and too democratic for its time . it lasted for less than two years in its first phase."-Oliveira Marques, History of Portugal, II, 44-5.This "discussion document" contains 217 articles and is dated 15 June 1821. The laws are to govern Portugal and her dominions, though the draft document does not include the delegation of executive powers in Brazil (título IV, capítulo II, articles 128-132), and command of the army is allocated to the king (not the Côrtes). One of the aims of the Administrative Council was to catechise the Indian tribes in Brazil.The revised, expanded version of this Constitution was decreed by the general, extraordinary and constitutional Côrtes on September 23, 1822 and accepted by D. João VI on October 1 of the same year. This is the Constitution that the Andradas and other Brazilian deputies refused to sign. Initially welcomed by Brazilians, the new constitution unexpectedly hastened Brazilian independence. Three days before the Supplemento was published in Lisbon, the Côrtes declared the Brazilian government subordinate to its will. D. João's departure for Portugal, the establishment of a separate government under D. Pedro, the Côrtes's increasing efforts to control Brazilian affairs, and the refusal of the Brazilian representatives, led by the Andradas, to sign the new constitution led Brazil to declare its independence in 1822.*** Not in Innocêncio. Not in JCB, Portuguese and Brazilian Books. Porbase locates three copies in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, and one at the Biblioteca João Paulo II-Universidade Católica Portuguesa. Not located in Orbis, Library of Congress Online Catalog, or Melvyl. Hollis lists a 98 pp. Projecto published by the Typographia Rollandiana, 1820. Porbase locates three copies in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, and one at the Biblioteca João Paulo II-Universidade Católica Portuguesa. Not located in Orbis, Library of Congress Online Catalog, or Melvyl. Hollis lists a 98 pp. Projecto published by the Typographia Rollandiana, 1820. Copac repeats British Library, and also records a microfilm copy at the Register of Preservation Surrogates. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]
[Bookseller: Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books]
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