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Illustrations of the Dynamical Theory of Gases - James Clerk Maxwell - 1860. 
Taylor and Francis, London 1860 - Maxwell, James Clerk. Illustrations of the Dynamical Theory of Gases. Part 1. On the Motions and Collisions of Perfectly Elastic Spheres. In The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, volume 19, fourth series, (1860), pp. 19-32. Maxwell, James Clerk. Illustrations of the Dynamical Theory of Gases. Part 2. On the process of diffusion of two or more kinds of moving particles among one another (pp. 21-33); Part III. On the Collision of Perfectly Elastic Bodies of any Form" (pp. 33-37). In The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine, volume 20 (1860), pp. 21-37. This revolutionary three-part paper, which was published in volumes 19 and 20 (fourth series) oftThe Philosophical Magazine, provided a mathematical basis for the kinetic theory of gases. It has been presumed that all molecules in a gas travel at the same speed, but Maxwell took the position that these collisions would result in particles having different speeds. In order to facilitate calculations involving molecules moving at different speeds, Maxwell created the revolutionary formula known as Maxwell's Distribution. This was the first time that matter had been considered to be probabilistic. In order to explain heat conduction, this formula was modified in 1868 by the Austrian physicist, Ludwig Boltzmann, producing the Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution Law. Offered are both volumes (19, 20) in publisher's original tan leather with marbled boards. Complete in every way. Very good to near fine condition. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]
[Bookseller: Alexander Macaulay Rare Books]
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