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Herbarium - Edible & Medicinal Herbs Harvested - Anonymous - 1870. 
Germany 1870 - Germany, circa 1870s. Herbarium of 89 authentic botanical specimens, edible and medicinal, neatly mounted to individual leafs with small paper strips, most identified in manuscript captions in German and in Latin, some in fine calligraphy, some also with classification numbers, the lot contained in purpose made string-tied continental boards. Folio. Item measures approximately 37 x 23 cm. Wear to extremities of boards, chips to a scant few leafs, otherwise in very good condition. Specimens are in excellent condition. Harvested by a meticulous German botanist and centering largely on medicinal and herbaceous plants, this collection includes one nightshade, a purple orchid, the now endangered cornflower, and a specimen from the poppy family. A few examples of the specimens found in this nineteenth century herbarium: Fumara officinales - an herbaceous annual flowering plant in the poppy family, commonly known as fumitory, drug fumitory or earth smoke. It was traditionally thought to be good for the eyes, and to remove skin blemishes. In modern times herbalists use it to treat skin diseases, and conjunctivitis, as well as to cleanse the kidneys. Centaurea cyanus, "Kornblume" or cornflower, which today is endangered in its native habitat owing to agricultural intensification with over-use of toxic herbicides. In herbalism, a decoction of cornflower is effective in treating conjunctivitis, and as a wash for tired eyes. They are often used as an ingredient in some tea blends and herbal teas, most famously in the Lady Grey blend of Twinings. Orchis maculata, or Early Purple Orchid, now called the Dactylorhiza maculata, known as the heath spotted-orchid or moorland spotted orchid, an herbaceous perennial. The specific Latin name "maculata" (spotted) refers to the stained leaves. The scientific binomial name of this plant was initially Orchis maculata, proposed by the Swedish naturalist and botanist Carl von Linné (1707-1778) in 1753. The name has been subsequently amended to the one currently accepted (Dactylorhiza maculata) in 1962 by the Hungarian botanist Károly Rezso Soó (1903-1980). Solanum nigrum - the non-poisonous European black nightshade. Parts of this plant can be toxic to livestock and humans. Nonetheless, ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales, and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. S. nigrum is a widely used plant in oriental medicine where it is considered to be antitumorigenic, antioxidant, anti-infammatory, hepatoprotective, diuretic, and antipyretic. Johanneskraut - Hypericum perforatum popularly known as St John's Wort and used widely for its medicinal properties as an antidepressant and anti-inflammatory Four species of Veronica - (the genus also known as speedwell, bird's eye, gypsyweed), including the Veronica beccabunga or brooklime which was one of only three antiscorbutic herbs traditionally used to treat scurvy. Two specimens of Euphrasia (Eyebright), a genus of about 450 species of herbaceous flowering plants, including the Euphrasia officinales which is use in homeopathic medicine since the 14th century when it was described as a cure for all eye maladies. It has also been used for respiratory issues, skin wounds, and the measles. Lycopus europaeus - commonly known as gypsywort or bugleweed, and reputed to have medicinal qualities and has been used as an astringent, narcotic and refrigerant. The term The name gypsywort derives from the belief that Romani people would stain their skin with the juice of the plant. Chrysosplenium alternifolium - a delicate ground cover which is in decline through a large part of its range because of the decrease of suitable wetland habitat, and which is protected in some parts of France. Malva rotundifolia (Round-leaved Mallow) - an annual herbaceous plant, the leaves of which, at the time of this collection, were applied externally as a remedy for scurvy, and the seeds used to treat ulcerations of the bladder, in Sindh an
[Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts]
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