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Calligraphic panel by Reis ul Hattatin (Chief - Ottoman art of calligraphy - 1861. 
32x25 cm. Thuluth and Naskhi in black ink on paper illustrated and fexed on illustrated paper in golden flworal shapes. Signed in wite ink in Thuluth: Katabahu al Hajj Kamil. Ahmed Kamil Akdik is one of the last great Ottoman calligraphers. Born in the F?nd?kl? neighborhood of Istanbul in 1861, Ahmed KÃ¢mil displayed an interest in the art of calligraphy from his earliest years in primary school. In 1879 he began to study thuluth (sÃ¼lÃ¼s) and naskhi (nesih) scripts with the most renowned calligrapher of the era, Sami Efendi (1838-1912), and after earning his certificate in 1884 with the approval of ?evki Efendi, he became one of the foremost Ottoman calligraphers. His certificate (icazet) is preserved in the Library of the Topkap? Palace Museum.After beginning to work for the Divan-? HÃ¼mayun (the Ottoman Imperial Council) in 1894, he learned from his teacher Sami Efendi the divani and celi divani scripts, as well as the inscription of the tu?ra, or imperial monogram, and replaced his teacher after the latter's retirement.He taught the thuluth and naskhi script at the MedresetÃ¼'l-Hattatin (school of calligraphy) that was established in 1915, and in 1918 gave lessons in rik'a script at the Galatasaray Secondary School. In 1915 he was honored by Sultan Re?ad (r. 1909-1918) with the title of ReisÃ¼'l-Hattatin (Chief Calligrapher), for his standing and success in his profession.Ahmed KÃ¢mil began to teach calligraphy in 1936 at the State Academy of the Fine Arts, and continued doing so until his death; he experienced all the changes that took place during the transition from Arabic script to the Latin alphabet, conforming to the changes brought about by this language revolution in all the schools in which he taught, and becoming one of the leaders of this last generation of calligraphers. Ahmed KÃ¢mil Akdik is the father of painter ?eref Akdik (1899-1972). Sakib Sabanci collection note.
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