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Epistola anatomicae - Malpighi (Marcello) and Carlo Fracassati - 1669. 
Caspar Commelius 1669 - woodcut printer's device on title, with 5 folding engraved plates, minor damp-staining at the beginning, pp. [iv], 260, 12mo, contemporary vellum, textblock detached from lower cover where a shorter tract appears to have been removed, blindstamp of Mark Pattison of Lincoln College on title, good. 'Fracassati, Malpighi's close friend, confidant, and colleague at Bologna, was responsible for assembling these letters for publication. The work contains four letters of Malpighi and two of Fracassati on the brain, tongue, adipose tissues, and skin. The five folding plates illustrate Malpighi's microscopic investigations of the brain and tongue. Malpighi's name is celebrated in several eponymous anatomical structures in the kidney, spleen, skin, and lungs. It is in the epistle on the tongue that he described the mucosal layer beneath the epidermis which is now called the Malpighian layer. In "De omento, pinguedine, et adiposis ductibus," Malpighi reported his observation of the red blood corpuscles. Unfortunately he mistook them for globules of fat passing into the blood and it wasn't until 1674 that Leeuwenhoek gave the first accurate description of the erythrocytes' (Heirs of Hippocrates). Malpighi's second letter, Exercitatio epistolica de lingua, and Fracassati's first, of the same title, are addressed to Giovanni Alfonso Borelli. Originally published in 1665 under title: Tetras anatomicarum epistolarum; the 1669 edition includes De externo tactus organo, which was published separately in 1665. (Heirs of Hippocrates 570)
[Bookseller: Blackwell's Rare Books ABA ILAB BA]
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