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Nouvelle France - COUAGNE, Jean-Baptiste de (1687-1740) - 1711. 
Canada: 1711 - THE FIRST MAP BY AN AMERICAN OF AMERICA, WITH ONLY THREE OTHER MAPS KNOWN BY COUAGNE, ALL IN THE BIBLIOTHEQUE NATIONALE, THIS IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE LEFT IN AMERICA Single sheet (Paper size: 19 x 27 4/8 inches; framed size: 30 2/8 x 39 inches). EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT MAP OF NOUVELLE FRANCE, in pen and ink with green colour wash (central vertical crease). Provenance: "Carte sous la Compagnie des Indes, du La Champlain et de Chouaquin" in manuscript on verso, stamp of the Dépôt de la Marine, Paris, late 1711 - early 1712 An original manuscript map of North-Eastern America, showing the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence River and Nova Scotia; commissioned by the French at the height of their imperial power, and drawn by the first cartographer to be born in North America. A unique and exquisitely rendered, large-scale original manuscript map, one of only four known examples by Couagne, and the only one still in private hands, the others being in the esteemed Bibliotheque Nationale de France in Paris (two) and the Bibliotheque du service historique de la Marine (one). Jean-Baptiste de Couagne was the first cartographer born in North America. His map of "Nouvelle France" is one of the first maps relating to the American Northeast that was drafted by an American-born cartographer. De Couagne was born to French parents in North America in 1687, and he trained there as a draftsman and surveyor. Although he never received training in Europe, he eventually became one of the most accomplished mapmakers in the service of the French government Couagnes "Nouvelle France" is an exceptionally important cartographic document illustrating the superior French geographical knowledge of the early 18th century. As an official map sponsored by the French government, the geographical information regarding Lakes Ontario and Erie was far superior to that of the enemy English, and even to much later maps such as Henry Popple's "Map of the Northern Colonies" (1733). In fact it is much closer in detail to the highly sophisticated maps of five decades later, such as Lewis Evans "Map of the Middle British Colonies in America" (1755). In general, French mapping of the area delineated in de Couagne's manuscript map was far superior to contemporary British cartography of the region. As demonstrated by late 17th-century maps done under the auspices of the French government by figures such as Louis Jolliet, La Salle, and Jean-Baptiste Louis Franquelin, the accuracy, precision, and detail of French cartography was unrivaled in this period. De Couagne's chart bears a very close resemblance to Franquelin's cartographic output in terms of its elegant style as well as its advanced geographical information, especially regarding the delineation of the Great Lakes. In his map of "Nouvelle France" de Couagne has combined British and French knowledge of the region; encompassing in one unique map the extensive knowledge of the French and also aspects of the flawed geographical understanding of the British. Like a number of official British cartographers of the early 1700's, he underestimated the distance between the Atlantic seaboard and the St. Lawrence, forcing him to compress and distort geographical detail in the interior. Similar distortions can be seen in the contemporary maps of British cartographers such as Daniel Coxe. As noted, however, in the depiction of the position and form of sections of the Great Lakes, de Couagne's chart was more advanced than published maps would be for decades. A unique historical record relating to the second of the French and Indian Wars. Nouvelle France exploded into chaos once the stabilizing influence of Champlain and his successors had crumpled in the face of British aggression, and Couagnes "Nouvelle France" is full of detail relating to the key events of Queen Anne's War, which in Europe was called the War of the Spanish Succession. The conflict began in May of 1704, when the "Grand Alliance" -- England, the League of Au
[Bookseller: Arader Galleries - Aradernyc]
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