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Expédition scientifique de Morée. Travaux - BORY DE ST. VINCENT, Jean Baptiste - 1832. [1205211]
Paris Didot -40 1832 - First edition, 3 text volumes bound in 5 and atlas, together 6 volumes, text 4to (35 x 27.5 cm.), atlas folio (54.5 x 36 cm.), half-titles, engraved medallions on general titles, illustrations in the text, atlas with lithographed portrait of Bory de Saint-Vincent and 151 plates and maps, some double-page or folding, 67 of which coloured by hand (the atlas volume contains 6 maps on 11 sheets, (1 coloured, most double-page and folding), 31 topographical views on 35 sheets, 12 coloured geological plates, 55 (of which 49 coloured) zoological plates and 38 (of which 5 coloured) botanical plates. Contemporary half calf gilt over marbled boards, some light foxing, an excellent set of a very scarce work. Fine and complete set of this work with the text volumes and atlas. Rare: we can trace only one complete set of this work being sold at auction in the last twenty-five years (Sotheby's London, 2008). The Expédition de Morée was the name given in France to the land intervention of the French Army in the Peloponnese (at the time often still known by its medieval name, Morea) between 1828 and 1833, at the time of the Greek War of Independence. As during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign, when a Commission of Sciences and Arts had accompanied the military campaign, a Morea scientific mission (Mission scientifique de Morée) accompanied the troops. From 1829 to 1831, under the leadership of the naturalist, physical geographer and Colonel Jean-Baptiste-Geneviève-Marcellin Bory de Saint-Vincent (177 -1846) a large collaborative body of artists, antiquarians, botanists, draftsmen, geologists, and epigraphers carried out a geographic survey of the Peloponnesus. The mission was originally divided into three sections, one dealt with the physical sciences, the second with archaeology, and the third with architecture and sculpture. While the documentation of the ancient sites and monuments fell under the direction of the architect and antiquarian Guillaume Abel Blouet (whose documentation was separately published), the geographical survey was attached to the physical sciences section under Bory de Saint-Vincent. One of the first objectives fixed by the French government had been to draw precise maps of the Peloponnese, with a scientific purpose, but also for economic and military reasons. This mapping of the Peloponnese by Puillon Boblaye was probably the greatest achievement of the Expedition. It resulted in the first large-scale mapping of the area and with the French measurement of the Peloponnesus precise co-ordinates and elevations for archaeological sites, water sources, rivers, etc. were established in relation to each other and the greater region. Furthermore, perhaps even more importantly, through the incorporation of the geodesic survey, precise co-ordinates for ancient sites, monuments and landscape features were calculated relative to the globe. In two years, a very precise map, drawn on six sheets at a 1/200,000 scale, was produced. In March 1829, a base of 3,500 meters had been traced in Argolis, from one angle at the ruins of Tiryns to an angle of a house in ruins in the village of Aria]. This was intended to serve as a point of departure in all the triangulation operations for topographic and geodesic readings in the Peloponnese proceeded to perform numerous verifications on the base and on the rulers used. The margin of error was thus reduced to 1 metre for every 15 kilometres. Zoologically, The Morea expedition confirmed that the golden jackal existed in Greece. Although earlier travel narratives had mentioned its presence, these were not considered trustworthy. Moreover, the subspecies seen and described by the French (named Canis aureus moreotica) was endemic to the region. Bory de Saint-Vincent brought back pelts and a skull. Blackmer 169; Nissen, BBI, 213; Nissen, ZBI, 4628; Stafleu-C. 672. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2016-09-22           Check availability:      AbeBooks    


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