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New English Atlas - CARY, John. [and] SMITH, [William] - 1828. [1198308]
John Cary London 1828 - Folio. 46 double-page engraved maps (Yorkshire on 4 sheets, Wales on 2), with original full wash colour depicting parliamentary boundaries, manuscript pagination to verso of each map, 54pp. index and list of subscribers' names, lacking one leaf, tears to bottom of centrefold of a few maps, rebound to style in half brown calf, gilt. Rare. Apparently the most complete extant example, with fine original full wash colour, of this later edition of Smith's English Atlas with index and list of subscribers. Previously, it had been assumed that later editions of Smith's geological maps were issued only as Cary's English Atlas, however, the title to the index in the present example suggests that the original intention was to publish the work under Smith's name. This copy is also of considerable importance in the bibliographic history of Smith's work as it includes, in addition to 23 of Smith's maps, three further maps with geological data by Smith. Davis states that 'Copies of Cary's. Atlases in any edition are as rare as Smith's' and, of the 1828 edition, '[t]wo copies are known, one at the British Museum, and the other in the Cambridge University Library'. However, correspondence with Cambridge University Library (CUL) confirms that they do not have an example of the 1828 edition; as Davis did not give a shelfmark for the CUL copy (although he does for the BL copy) it is plausible that he had not seen it, while later cartobibliographies mention only the BL copy (Carroll Printed maps of Lincolnshire 1576-1900, p. 156, and Burden, Printed maps of Berkshire 1574-1900, entry 59, p. 84). The BL copy lacks the Wiltshire map and, according to Davis, 'contains 18 of the plates used by Smith'. The present example contains some 23 of the plates used by Smith, in addition to the unfinished geological map of Somersetshire and, of further interest, plates of Northamptonshire and Lincolnshire with legends and geological particulars engraved, according to Davis, 'in the true Smithian style'. It can, therefore, be said to be the most 'complete' version of Smith's county atlas extant, in that it contains all bar one of the engraved county maps he revised; however, the map of Durham is present in the earlier Cary version, prior to the addition of the geological information. William Smith (1769-1839) is known as the Father of English Geology, and is credited with creating the first geological map of the whole of England and Wales. This endeavour was to take 15 years and much financial heartache. It was not until 1812 that he got the break he needed when John Cary, a map publisher, together with some 400 subscribers, agreed to underwrite the cost of production, and in 1815 a geological map entitled 'A delineation of the Strata of England and Wales with part of Scotland' on the scale of 1 inch to 5 miles was produced. John Phillips called it 'Perhaps the most varied and beautiful sheets that have ever appeared in geological colours'. Some 400 were produced and only 100 are known to be extant today. Although his map was well received, Smith had little profit from it. This lack of financial success eventually brought him to debtor's prison. He was released through the generosity of his friends, and in 1817 he began work on individual geological maps of the English counties, inserting his findings on Cary's maps prepared for 'Cary's New English Atlas'. Twenty-three of these county maps (out of a projected 60) were completed before the venture petered out in 1824. As part of the additions, Smith inserted coloured tablets with identifying names of the strata in the blank space surrounding the county boundary. The recognition of his ground-breaking work came late in life, and it was not until 1831 that the Geological Society of London conferred on Smith, then 62, the first Wollaston medal, its highest honour. In 1835 he received an honorary Doctorate from Trinity College, Dublin, and 1838 (a year before his death) he was appointed as one of the commissioners to [Attributes: Soft Cover]
      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2016-09-17           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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