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HÊRODOTOU HALIKARNÊSSÊOS HISTORIÔN LOGOI IX EPIGRAPHOMENOI MOUSAI. Herodoti Halicarnassei Historiarum libri IX, Musarum nominibus inscripti. Gr. et Lat. ex Laur. Vallae interpretatione, cum adnotationibus Thomae Galei et Iacobi Gronovii. Editionem curavit et suas itemque Lud. Casp. Valckenaeri notas adiecit Petrus Wesselingius. Accedunt praeter Vitam Homeri varia ex priscis scriptoribus de Persis, Aegyptiis, Nilo, Indisque excerpta et praesertim ex Ctesia.

      Amsterdam, Sumptibus Petri Schoutenii, 1763. Folio. (26),868,177,(69 index) p. Vellum 43 cm - - Ref: Schweiger 1,139; Hoffmann 2,231; Brunet 3,123; Ebert 9549; Dibdin 2,23/25: 'the celebrated and magnificent edition', 'this splendid and truly desirable edition', 'the editio optima, in reference to any edition of H. previously published'; Spoelder p. 686 Utrecht 6. - - Details: Prize copy; back gilt and with 7 raised bands; covers with 2 gilt borders, the coat of arms of Utrecht in the centre; including the prize dated september 1779 for Sibaldus Fulconus Johannes Rau, on the occasion of this leaving the school, and entering the Academia; the prize is signed by Johan Frederik Reitz, 1733-1801, Rector of the local Gymnasium, like his uncle Johann Friedrich Reitz, since 1769. Also signed by the classical scholar Christophorus Saxius (See for this interesting figure ADB 30 (1890) p. 460ff); frontispiece by H. van der My and F. Bleiswyk depicting a bust of Herodotus, and the 9 Muses holding a map of Greece; title in red and black; engraved title vignette with a motto taken from Ovidius' Tristia 3,7 vrs 33/34: 'nil non mortale tenemus/ pectoris exceptis ingeniique bonis'; 1 folding plate, and a few small text illustrations; Greek text with iuxtaposed Latin translation, with the commentary on the lower half of the page. - - Condition: Vellum soiled; 2 of the red ties gone; inscription on front flyleaf; the lower margin of the first 250 pages vaguely waterstained; some slight foxing. - - Note: With this edition begins a new era in the history of the text of Herodotus. Petrus Wesseling, 1692-1764, who brought Herodotus back to life with this edition originates from Westphalia, and later became professor of History and Greek in Franeker and Utrecht. 'Ihn zeichnet Sorgfalt, Klarheit und grosser Fleiss'. (Bernays, Geschichte der klassischen Philologie, 2008, p. 144; 'He is best known as the learned editor of Diodorus (1746) and Herodotus (1763)'. 'His learned edition of Herodotus owed much to the grammatical and critical element supplied by Valckenaer'. (Sandys 2,453/4). Wesseling, the historian, elucidated the 'res' and the genius Valckenaer' the 'verba' in this edition. (Gerretzen p. 174/77); L.C. Valckenaer, 1715-1785, was a pupil of Hemsterhuis, and succeeded him as professor twice, in Franeker and Leyden. He is best known for his Euripides editions. It is the opinion of Bernays that his contributions to the text and commentary of Herodotus belong to the best he did for Greek prose. (Bernays p. 140/3). - - Provenance: Sibaldus Fulconus Johannes Rau; probably by his hand is the beginning of a not finished manuscript poem on the front flyleaf entitled 'Carmen in laudem Urbis Trajectinae'. 'Moenia celsa cano, Batavae antiquissima gentis/ Clarorum illustrem sedem matremque virorum/ Augustam templis vallatam turribus Urbem/ Florentem pace, et quondam Mavorte potentem, Musa mihi tempus, quo bellatricia signa'. - - Collation: *-3*4, 4*1; A-5Q4 5R2, A-Y4, Z2, Aa-Rr2 (Rr2 blank). Photographs on request.

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