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ZIEGENHAGEN, Franz Heinrich; MOZART, W.A

Lehre vom richtigen Verhältnisse zu den Schöpfungswerken, und die durch öffentliche Einführung derselben allein zu bewürkende algemeine Menschenbeglückung ... ...mit einer Musick von W. A. Mozart

      [Braunschweig]: Privately printed. 1799. Recent cloth backed boards with the original blue wrappers bound in 8vo . Second edition (1st: 1792) of this beautifully illustrated and major work of utopian socialism by the industrialist Franz Heinrich Ziegenhagen (1732- 1806), a utopian freemason, who also provided a libretto for a music commission for Mozart bound at the end (see below).& Ziegenhagen justifies and describes his attempt at establishing an independent, self-sufficient separate utopian colony based on agricultural as well innovative educational principles. The institute was intended to be later transferred into a community with collective property and based on the ideas of Rousseau with a balance between man and nature. Chodowiecki’s marvelous large folding engraved plate depicts the realization of the authors ideals and having him riding on horse back through the gardens and buildings with various related events happening. He founded an agricultural property in Billwerder, by Hamburg, and appealed in vain to wealthy citizens, the aristocracy and even the French Convention to support similar institutions. The project failed and after 12 years he sold the Billwerder property and returned to his Elsass homeland in 1802 where he committed suicide four years later.& The work is important in addition to is philosophical and educational premises for the lively and beautiful engraved by by the eminent German painter and engraver, Daniel Nicolaus Chodowieki (1726-1801), one of the best and most sought after illustrators of his time. The folding engraved frontispiece depicts a large lecture room with natural history illustrations on the walls and a very ornate organ on the far wall. The breathtaking view of the author riding through the colony has already been mentioned. The other engravings depict various classrooms with students studying electrical experiments, using various types of other scientific instruments for experiments as well as learning crafts and skills with a view of a blacksmiths shop. The last plate shows a group of students dissecting a pig with a "Kunst-Kammer" in the background.& Perhaps most delightful about this work is the first appearance of a "little German Cantata" ("Die ihr des unermeßlichen Weltalls ...") was composed by Mozart in 1791, the same year as his "Magic Flute" which was also greatly influenced by Masonic imagery. Ziegenhagen provided the libretto and commissioned Mozart for the music. The words reflect the authors philosophy and speaks of pacifism, of universal brotherhood, with an oblique reference to naturism. All of which reflected the liberal philosophy of the time, with which Mozart would have come into contact as a member of a Viennese Masonic Lodge. The work here was composed for soprano and piano and later composers would add orchestral arrangements as well as for string quartets. Ziegenhagen's connection with Mozart has not been satisfactorily established to date. The autograph of K. 619 is at the library of the University of Uppsala, Sweden. A beautiful facsimile edition was published by Richard Engländer in Stockholm 1955.& A fine fresh copy, handsomely printed, uncut with its original blue wrappers, illustrated by one of the greatest illustrators of his time with an important musical contribution by one of the greatest composers and musicians of all time [8], 633, [4] pp. With folding engraved frontispiece and 1 large folding engraved plate, and 6 engraved plates by D. Chodowiecki as well as 4 folding tables of music (8 pages) by W.A. Mozart. Uncut, unopened copy. Slight toning of frontispiece and almost invisible repair to break in fold. Fine copy. § Rümann 1299; Schröder 4549, 1; Bauer 1551-54, 1556-59 & Engelmann 664-667, 672-675 (Chodowiecki); Music in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 896; Koechel 619 (Mozart)

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Last Found On: 2012-01-30          Check current availability from:     Biblio


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