Knoop, Johann Hermann (1700-1769)
Pomologia, Dat is Beschryvingen En Afbeeldingen Van De Beste Soorten Van Appels En Peeren...[With: ] Fructologia, of Beschryving Der Vrugtbomen En Vrugten...[and With: ] Dendrologia, of Beschryving Der Plantagie-Gewassen
. Leeuwarden: Abraham Ferweda [vol. 1]; ...en Gerrit Tresling [vols. 2-3], 1758-1763-1763. Folio, 3 volumes in 2. (13 7/8 x 9 7/8 inches). Titles with a typographic border printed in red, engraved arms on the dedication. 39 hand-coloured plates engraved by Jan C. Philips or Jacob Folkema after Knoop. Contemporary speckled calf, spines with raised bands in seven compartments, bands tooled in gilt, red morocco lettering piece in the second compartment, the others with a repeat decoration in gilt, red stained edges. A lovely set of the first editions of Knoop's fruit monographs: "among the earliest books on the subject to be illustrated with coloured plates" (Oak Spring Pomona). Knoop served as the head gardener to the Dowager Princess of Orange et Marienburg, near Leeuwarden. "[His] fruit monographs, apples and pears in the first, plums, peaches, cherries, nuts and soft fruit in the second, are among the earliest books on the subject to be illustrated with coloured plates, the Pomologia ones packed with a dozen or so varieties, each with a label giving its time of ripening...As descriptive records of varieties of fruit in cultivation, observed by a dedicated and scientific gardener late in his career, they are often cited by later authors" (Oak Spring Pomona). In all, Knoop published four monographs in the series, three of which are found here, with the fourth on herbs and vegetables being published in 1769 over a decade after the first part. Raphael notes that "the last part is very rare and most sets lack this final section on the contents of the kitchen garden." The plates, based on Knoop's own drawings, are made up as follows: in the first work are 12 plates of apples showing 103 varieties; 8 of pears showing 82 varieties. The plates in the second work include one plate with 2 quince varieties; 3 varieties of cherry on one plate; 3 varieties of plum on one plate; 1 apricot, 1 peach, 1 almond, 1 fig, each on a single plate; 2 grapes on one plate; 1 chestnut, 1 walnut, 1 hazelnut, 1 medlar, 1 mulberry, 1 raspberry, 1 blackberry, each on a single plate; 3 currants on one plate; 1 gooseberry, 1 unidentified fruit tree, 1 cornelian cherry, each on a single plate. No illustrations appear in the third part concerning trees. Stafleu & Cowan TL2 3766, 3767 & 3768; Oak Spring Pomona, p. 131.