MEDICINE - PEMELL, ROBERT.
TRACTATUS DE SIMPLICIUM MEDICAMENTORUM FACULTATIBUS. A TREATISE OF THE NATURE AND QUALITIES OF SUCH SIMPLES AS ARE MOST FREQUENTLY USED IN MEDICINES, BOTH PURGING, AND OTHERS. Methodically handled, for the benefit of those that understand not the Latin Tongue. To which is added: Many Compound Medicines for most Diseases incident to Mankind: As also two Alphabeticall Tables, very necessary for the Reader. Together with, The Explanation of all hard words or Termes of Art, whereby the Vulgar may the better understand it. By Robert Pemel, Practitioner in Physick, at Cranebrooke in Kent. Licens...
Printed by M. Simmons, for Philemon Stephens, at the guilded Lyon in St Pauls Church-Yard, London. 1652 4to. 6 x 7.5 inches.  + 8 +  pp. A4, a4, , B-Z4, 2A2, 2A-2R4, 2S2, 2T-2V4 (signature 2A2 is used twice, hence the odd register). Errata page (a cancel), inserted before B. Includes list of authors used, alphabetical index of simple medicines in text and explanation of hard words ('Whereby the Vulgar may the better understand it') at beginning and subject index of diseases at end. Running title: The Nature of simple Medicines. Bound in full calf, twentieth century antique style, with blind stamped borders; spine divided into compartments with raised bands, double lined gilt, with red morocco label. Red edges. Occasional browning and staining but otherwise fine condition. Early inscription, Will: Kemp. on title page, with W: K. p. 4: 8 above. The 170 chapters of this treatise discuss the preparation, application and remedial properties of a wide variety of substances. These range from metals and minerals such as quicksilver, brimstone, lapis lazuli, through manna ('a condensed dew, falling from the aire...'), nitre, salt and honey, to numerous plant derived substances, including many herbs and spices. Robert Pemell (d.1653) was a physician of Cranbrook, whose books were published by the London theological bookseller, Philemon Stephens, 1650-53. They included titles on the diseases of the head (the first book on neurology in English), on help for the poor and the second part of this work on remedies, Tractatus de facultatibus simplicium, which appeared with his treatise of the diseases of children. There was another issue of the title page of this volume, but this work is entirely complete in itself. In spite of the use of Greek and Latin in the titles, the texts were written in English. In his preface to this work (dated 16 September 1651), Pemell states his desire 'to publish some other Tracts usefull for the vulgar capacity, as also for young Practitioners.' An interesting survey of the medical remedies employed in the Weald of Kent in the mid-seventeenth century. ESTC R206760
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